Further west, the Spanish in Mexico, intent on expanding their empire, looked north to the land of the Pueblo Indians. The vast majority of colonial Americans, as the above suggests, were Protestants. In the later 17th century attempts were made by the British authorities to impose Anglicanism on all the colonies, but these only met with partial success. Some called for a complete break with the Church of England, while others remained committed to reforming the national church. The end of the 17th century saw the colonial population standing at an estimated ,, including almost 30, slaves of African descent. The Algonquian, in turn, tolerated the French because the colonists supplied them with firearms for their ongoing war with the Iroquois. The most prized piece of European weaponry to obtain was a musket, or light, long-barreled European gun.
History of Latin America
The Food Timeline--history notes: algae to creamed onions
Castile was already engaged in a race of exploration with Portugal to reach the Far East by sea when Columbus made his bold proposal to Isabella. Latin America is generally understood to consist of the entire continent of South America in addition to Mexico , Central America , and the islands of the Caribbean whose inhabitants speak a Romance language. Forms mixed stands with Tsuga canadensis, Quercus sp. Spanish military resources were stretched across Europe and also at sea as they sought to protect maritime trade against the greatly improved Dutch and French fleets, while still occupied with the Ottoman and associated Barbary pirate threat in the Mediterranean.
(Eastern white pine)
Philip's chief minister, the duke of Lerma, also steered Spain toward peace with the Netherlands in , although the conflict was to emerge again at a later point. It was the Italians, above all the Genoese , who brought the lore of overseas activity to the Iberians. The unprecedented concentration of economic and administrative power in Rio de Janeiro brought a new integration to Brazil. Unlike the crown of Portugal, Spain had not sought papal authorization for its explorations, but with Christopher Columbus's voyage in , the crown sought papal confirmation of their title to the new lands.